Leisure Attitude Measurement (LAM)

by Hawke Robinson published 2019/05/02 12:07:55 GMT-7, last modified 2019-05-02T12:07:55-07:00
Purpose: To review (and quantify) the participant's attitude toward leisure on three different levels: affective, behavioral, & cognitive.

Primary Population(s)

See the Suggested levels section for applicable population recommendations.

Suggested Level(s)

Adapted IQ: of 80 or above

Mental Age: of 12 years or above

Rancho Los Amigos Level: of 7 or above

Reality Orientation Level: of "Mild" to "No Orientation Disability"


Alpha Reliability Coefficient:

  • Affective = .93
  • Behavioral = .89
  • Cognitive = .91
  • Total = .94

Divergent Validity: Verified (each question was placed correctly within each of the components).


"The Leisure Attitude Measurement measures the individual's attitude toward leisure on three different levels: 1) cognitive, 2) affective, and 3) behavioral. It can be used to find areas that are preventing the individual from participating actively in leisure. The alpha reliability of the entire assessment was .94 with a range of .89 to .93 for the subscales. Limited normative data is available. However, individuals who are in the upper age, education, and income brackets tend to have positive beliefs about leisure activities, but tend to like them less than individuals in the lower level of those categories. Ragheb and Beard report that men tend to have more positive beliefs and feelings toward leisure activities than women. Subscale of the Idyll Arbor Leisure Battery. Also vailable in Spanish.

Reliability and validity information is available in Ragheb, M. G., and Beard, J. G. (1982). Measuring leisure attitude. Journal of Leisure Research, 14, 155-167."

Important Notes


Applicability to RPG


Applicability to Music



Red Book 4th ed. pp 233-235

Leisure Attitude Measurement
Mounir G. Ragheb, Jacob G. Beard
Manual and 25 Score Sheets
Published by Idyll Arbor
Publication date: 1991

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